Queen St. & Welland Ave. Walking Tour
The Queen Street Heritage Conservation District and the Welland Avenue neighbourhood have evolved over the past 125 years or so to create a pleasant streetscape. Many different architectural styles and periods can be seen in this tour, which starts at Montebello Park. Buildings marked with a "*" are designated as important heritage structures under the Ontario Heritage Act.
- Montebello Park* was established in 1887 as a significant open space in the core area. It was designed by internationally renowned landscape architect F.L. Olmsted. The edges of the park are lined by mature deciduous trees which encompass a variety of smaller spaces. The pavillion* and bandstand* dominate the landscape. The park contains many contrasting elements - passive and active areas, sunny and shady areas, hard surfaces and soft landscaping, formal gardens and informal open space.
- 87 Queen* was built between 1840 and 1860. Records indicate this house, in a typical style of the time, may have been moved here from another site.
- 87 l/2 and 89 Queen* were also built in the typical, or vernacular, style of 1907. Features include a prominent front gable with fishscale wood shingles, brick veneer over wood frame construction and foundation plantings which hide the foundation wall.
- 91 Queen* was built in 1869 by Addison Waud, a builder of several local houses. This one was built for a local lawyer named Macdonald. The house has taken on many changes - it may have originally looked like 97 and 99 Queen Street. The additions have lead us to call this a Queen Anne style house, known for complexity and embellishment. This style is typified by huge medieval chimneys, gabled or hipped roofs often with upper storey projections, fishscale sided gables, corner turrets, and prominent verandahs and balconies.
- 93 and 95 Queen* is a double house built around 1870 in the vernacular style. A prominent feature is the intricately scroll sawed trim at the gables known as gingerbread, borrowed from the Gothic style.
- 97 and 99 Queen* were also built by Addison Waud between 1860 and 1890 in the vernacular style. These are simply constructed wood frame houses with gable roofs. 97 has been reclad with pebble dash, a 1950's fad of embedding stone chips in wet plaster and 99 has been reclad with stucco.
- 103 Queen* is another vernacular house built around 1900, altered over the years.
- 105 Queen* was probably built in about 1869 as a one and a half storey vernacular style home. The most significant feature is the north side porch which uses elaborate Queen Anne scrollwork and posts.
- 107 Queen* was built in 1902 for the MacKinnons of the MacKinnon Foundry in the style commonly known as Tudor. This style is known for exposing and emphasizing structure in the form of wood beams and rafters.
- 109 Queen* was built in 1900 in the vernacular style. The house originally included Queen Anne details which have been covered by siding.
- 111 and 113 Queen* was built in 1900 as a double house in the vernacular style. The house is two and a half storeys constructed of stucco on wood frame with some Queen Anne details.
- 115 Queen* was built in the late 1860's by a local builder, Mr. Sword, for his own use. The style is somewhat Italianate although alterations have hidden the details. This style is typified by low roofs, overhanging eaves with decorative brackets, round-headed windows, large front doors topped by round "transom" windows, arcaded porches and balustraded balconies (a balustrade is a short railing with vase-shaped supports).
- 117 Queen and 22 Welland* was originally built fronting on Welland in 1875-1880 as a two storey Italianate brick structure. Various additions have converted this into a multi-family residence.
- 20 Welland has undergone many changes but maintains its Italianate-like door, sidelights and transom. A nice carriage house in the back has been converted to a garden shed.
- 16 Welland was constructed in the vernacular style of the 1860's with newer pebble dash over stucco. Aluminum siding hides the eave details.
- 14 and 12 Welland has undergone many changes including, most recently, the stucco finish. The style is somewhat French Regency featuring a big cottage roof, decorated eaves and simple cottage proportions.
- 1 Welland - The browns and beiges would lead one to think of this house as being of the shingle style (a simpler style evolved from Queen Anne) but the details are more Queen Anne.
- 3, 5 and 7 Welland are of various styles and eras, vernacular in their own time. 5 Welland has a very unusual pinky-red brick as if the brick bad been treated. The builder has installed a few very Romantic details including the Palladian attic window on a very Italian Renaissance balcony on the north side.
- 9 Welland is also vernacular but the builder has incorporated a Gothic revival-like pointed arch window in the gable.
- 11 Welland is an Italianate style home which has undergone many changes over the years. The windows now appear square but if we look behind the frame we can see the original round frames behind.
- 15 Welland is a wonderful example of a two and half storey Italianate style home. It was built in 1865 for Mr. George Pierce, a bank manager. The Board of Education occupied the building from 1904 until 1965. Brock University had its first administrative offices here.
- Memorial School* was the neighbourhood school from 1919 until it was closed in 2015. It is a typical one storey red brick public school with a symmetrical facade. The style is Modern Classicism which used classic details such as pediments and pilasters to decorate modern buildings which were required to be simple and functional.
- 23 Welland is an example of a brick vernacular home.
- 25 Welland has undergone many changes. Note the tree canopies and consistent setbacks on the side streets.
- 27 Welland is a vernacular home with some Queen Anne details. Aluminum siding has hidden many of the original details but the wood fan-like trim at the top gable has survived as well as some frieze boards (the frieze is the decorative band along the top of the wall).
- 41 and 43 Welland are vernacular homes with some interesting details. Both have dentil decoration at the eaves (the series of small rectangular blocks at the top of the wall). 43 Welland's porch is most likely closer to the original than that of 41. Each house has had various alterations over the years.
- 45 Welland is a good example of a solid Italianate home. The porch is a later addition with heavy Tuscan columns on a stone base (Tuscan columns are a simpler version of the more ornate Roman or Doric columns).
- 51 and 53 Welland are examples of Queen Anne but done in brick. The brick makes the home a little visually heavier than wood and stucco houses but the mason has done his best to show us the flexibility and possibilities of brick.
- 55 and 55 ½ Welland is a vernacular double house that shares the geometric patterns of 51 and 53 Welland.
- The Lake Street Armoury* is an excellent example of the typical armoury built across Canada in the early part of the century. The style is English Tudor or Neo-Gothic. The red brick structure has walls over 12" thick and is comprised of a clean spare drill hall with ancillary spaces. Features include a high level round top window and castle-like observation towers. It was recently designated as an important heritage building under the Ontario Heritage Act.
- 73 Welland is another great example of Queen Anne brick residences. A unique projecting oriole window appears to have been added.
- 75 Welland is a simple vernacular home with Italianate features.
- 77 Welland is another style called Prairie made popular by architects after its origins in the American Midwest, contrasting with the ornate Queen Anne style. This house was built between 190O and 1930. It emphasizes horizontal lines and mass rather than the vertical lines and lightness of Queen Anne.
- Welland Avenue United Church is a wonderful example of a Gothic Revival Church. The original building was constructed in 1871 by a local carpenter named Bill Pay. The present structure was designed by architect Sidney R. Badgley and built in 1876.
- 80 & 82 Welland is an Italianate style double house, built in the mid-1800's.
- 74 and 76 Welland is a double house of a similar time and style as number 80-84.
- 72 Welland is another Italianate style residence of brick construction. It was designed by a local architect named Corbin in approximately 1875 for a lawyer named McCarthy.
- 64 and 68 Welland is a vernacular double house clad in aluminum siding. The overall shape and mass are clues to its more detailed beginnings.
- 38, 36, 34 and 32 Welland is a well maintained example of a late 1800's multiple family dwelling in a simple cottage or regency style. The stone sills would suggest a masonry wall behind the plaster. The porches are probably later additions.
- 30 Welland has one of the few gambrel roofs in the area. There is an interesting stylized version of the Tuscan column in front.
- Phelan's store and home - The house section is a vernacular simple one and a half storey brick home built between 1880 and 1900. Various additions have been added over the years including the garage on Queen Street and the glass and metal frame storefront. The current use of the store is a good example of adaptive re-use.
- 112, 110, 108, 106 Queen is one of the earliest row houses in the area, borrowing from a number of styles with respective detailing. It was built between 1830 and 1870 by the local builder Addison Waud. It is believed to have been originally clapboard but is now plastered over.
- 104 Queen is an unusual gambrel roof farmhouse built possibly as early as 1834 in the vernacular style. The rear addition was designed by the local architect Robert MacBeth who lived here from 1922 to 1969.
- 102 Queen is a typical Ontario farm cottage house built by Christian Hick in the vernacular style.
- 100 Queen was built for John Notman, a manager at McKinnan and Dash Company, in a simplified Queen Anne style.
- 98 Queen is similar to 100 Queen and was probably built around the same time but with a little more detail including the front tower and turret. It was built for John Sutcliffe Smith, a local jeweller.
- 96 and 94 ½ Queen is a vernacular home built in 1907-08. 94 ½ has a different top window arrangement perhaps indicating a different interior plan.
- 92 Queen is a perfect example of an Italianate brick home built in 1868. Most of the typical Italianate details are exhibited. There may have originally been a porch across the front as the floor is raised and designated by a stone belt course.
- 90 Queen is known as the Rioell house. Rioell was a builder but records show the house was built in 1869 by another builder, Mr. Dolson. It is very similar to 92, perhaps the same plan. This house has been plastered over the brick.
- 88 ½ Queen is a vernacular brick structure built in approximately 1913-1914. The style is called Edwardian Classicism which highlighted simple classic details on modest homes.
- 88 and 86 Queen is a vernacular double house built in the 1870's. It is presently stucco over a wood frame, but was most likely clapboard originally. The heavy front verandah was probably an addition.
- 84 ½ Queen is a vernacular house built in about 1907 with simple gable roofs and a prominent front gable. It was originally stucco over a wood frame but is presently clad with pebble dash.
- 78 Queen is called the Notman house in honour of the original owner. It was built in 1855, again a vernacular farm house but the Notmans asked their builder, Addison Waud, to include some Gothic Revival details.
The Queen Street and Welland Avenue residential areas are important historical reminders of St. Catharines' past. Much of the central area of the city is made up of older buildings. For a different historical experience, visit the downtown commercial area on and around St. Paul Street where specialty shops and restaurants abound.
Structures with an "*" are designated as important heritage buildings under the Ontario Heritage Act.
Printed pamphlets can be obtained from:
St. Catharines Heritage Committee
c/o Planning and Development Department
City Hall, P.O. Box 3012
Phone: 905-688-5600 ext. 1719